Introduction to Production Process
In PPC, we build data-based models
Process characterization is an activity in which we:
The result of this activity is a set of mathematical process models that
we can use to monitor and improve the process.
identify the key inputs and outputs of a process
collect data on their behavior over the entire operating range
estimate the steady-state behavior at optimal operating conditions
and build models describing the parameter relationships across the operating
|This is a three-step process
||This activity is typically a three-step process.
The Screening Step
In this phase we identify all possible significant process inputs and outputs
and conduct a series of screening experiments in order to reduce that list
to the key inputs and outputs. These experiments will also allow us
to develop initial models of the relationships between those inputs
The Mapping Step
In this step we map the behavior of the key outputs over their expected
operating ranges. We do this through a series of more detailed experiments
called Response Surface experiments.
The Passive Step
In this step we allow the process to run at nominal conditions and estimate
the process stability and capability.
Not all of the steps need to be performed
||The first two steps are only needed for new processes or
when the process has undergone some significant engineering change.
There are, however, many times throughout the life of a process when the
third step is needed. Examples might be: initial process qualification,
control chart development, after minor process adjustments, after schedule
equipment maintenance, etc.