2.Category of Standard. Federal General Data Standard, Representations and Codes.
3. Explanation. This standard provides a means of representing calendar date and ordinal date to facilitate interchange of data among information systems. This revision supersedes FIPS PUB 4 in its entirety.
4. Approving Authority. The Secretary of Commerce.
S. Maintenance Agency. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Computer Systems Laboratory.
6. Cross Index.
7. Objectives. The objectives of this standard are to improve the utilization of data resources of the Federal Government and avoid unnecessary duplications and incompatibilities in the collection, processing and dissemination of data.
8. Applicability. This Federal Data Element and Representation Standard is made available for data interchange among executive departments and independent agencies, and for Federal data interchange with the non-Federal sector including industry, State, local and other governments, and the public at large.
9. Implementation Schedule. This standard becomes effective July 30, 1988. Use by Federal agencies is encourage when such use contributes to operational benefits, efficiency, or economy.
10. Specifications. This standard adopts American National Standard ANSI X3.30-1985, Representation for Calendar Date and ordinal Date for Information Interchange. The latter was approved on July 30, 1985 as a revision of ANSI X3.30-1971, and is published by the American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Journal of Research-The Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards reports NBS research and development in those disciplines of the physical and engineering sciences in which the Bureau is active. These include physics, chemistry, engineering, mathematics, and computer sciences. Papers cover a broad range of subjects, with major emphasis on measurement methodology and the basic technology underlying standardization. Also included from time to time are survey articles on topics closely related to the Bureau's technical and scientific programs. issued six times a year.
Monographs-Major contributions to the technical literature on various subjects related to the Bureau's scientific and technical activities.
Handbooks-Recommended codes of engineering and industrial practice (including safety codes) developed in cooperation with interested industries, professional organizations, and regulatory bodies.
Special Publications-Include proceedings of conferences sponsored by NBS, NBS annual reports, and other special publications appropriate to this grouping such as wall charts, pocket cards, and bibliographies.
Applied Mathematics Series Mathematical tables, manuals, and studies of special interest to physicists, engineers, chemists, biologists, mathematicians, computer programmers, and others engaged in scientific and technical work.
National Standard Reference Data Series-Provides quantitative data on the physical and chemical properties of materials, compiled from the world's literature and critically evaluated. Developed under a worldwide program coordinated by NBS under the authority of the National Standard Data Act (Public Law 90-396).
NOTE: The Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data (JPCRD) is published quarterly for NBS by the American Chemical Society (ACS) and the American Institute of Physics (AIP). Subscriptions, reprints, and supplements are available from ACS, 1155 Sixteenth St., NW, Washington, DC 20056.
Building Science Series-Disseminates technical information developed at the Bureau on building materials, components, systems, and whole structures. The series presents research results, test methods, and performance criteria related to the structural and environmental functions and the durability and safety characteristics of building elements and systems.
Technical Notice Studies or reports which are complete in themselves but restrictive in their treatment of a subject. Analogous to monographs but not so comprehensive in scope or definitive in treatment of the subject area. Often serve as a vehicle for final reports of work performed at NBS under the sponsorship of other government agencies.
Voluntary Product Standards-Developed under procedures published by the Department of Commerce in Part 10, Title 15, of the Code of Federal Regulations. The standards establish nationally recognized requirements for products, and provide all concerned interests with a basis for common understanding of the characteristics of the products. NBS administers this program as a supplement to the activities of the private sector standardizing organizations.
Consumer Information Series Practical information, based on NBS research and experience, covering areas of interest to the consumer. Easily understandable language and illustrations provide useful background knowledge for shopping in today's technological marketplace.
Order the above NBS publications from: Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Order the following NBS publications-FIPS and NBSIR's -from the National Technical Information & Service, Springfield, VA 22161.
Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUB) Publications in this series collectively constitute the Federal Information Processing Standards Register. The Register serves as the official source of information in the Federal Government regarding standards issued by NBS pursuant to the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 as amended, Public law 89- 306 (79 Stat. 1127), and as implemented by Executive Order 11717(38 FR 12315, dated May 11, 1973) and Part 6 of Title 15 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations).
NBS Interagency Reports (NBSIR) special series of interim or
reports on work performed by NBS for outside sponsors (both
government and non-government). In general, initial distribution
handled by the sponsor; public distribution is by the National
Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161, in paper
or microfiche form.
FIPS PUB 4-1
PROCESSING STANDARDS PUBLICATION
1988 JANUARY 27
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE/National Institute of Standards and Technology