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2. Measurement Process Characterization



Degrees of freedom K. A. Brownlee (1960). Statistical Theory and Methodology in Science and Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, p. 236.
Calibration designs J. M. Cameron, M. C. Croarkin and R. C. Raybold (1977). Designs for the Calibration of Standards of Mass, NBS Technical Note 952, U.S. Dept. Commerce, 58 pages.
Calibration designs for eliminating drift J. M. Cameron and G. E. Hailes (1974). Designs for the Calibration of Small Groups of Standards in the Presence of Drift, Technical Note 844, U.S. Dept. Commerce, 31 pages.
Measurement assurance for measurements on ICs Carroll Croarkin and Ruth Varner (1982). Measurement Assurance for Dimensional Measurements on Integrated-circuit Photomasks, NBS Technical Note 1164, U.S. Dept. Commerce, 44 pages.
Calibration designs for gauge blocks Ted Doiron (1993). Drift Eliminating Designs for Non-Simultaneous Comparison Calibrations, J Research National Institute of Standards and Technology, 98, pp. 217-224.
Type A & B uncertainty analyses for resistivities J. R. Ehrstein and M. C. Croarkin (1998). Standard Reference Materials: The Certification of 100 mm Diameter Silicon Resistivity SRMs 2541 through 2547 Using Dual-Configuration Four-Point Probe Measurements, NIST Special Publication 260-131, Revised, 84 pages.
Calibration designs for electrical standards W. G. Eicke and J. M. Cameron (1967). Designs for Surveillance of the Volt Maintained By a Group of Saturated Standard Cells, NBS Technical Note 430, U.S. Dept. Commerce 19 pages.
Theory of uncertainty analysis Churchill Eisenhart (1962). Realistic Evaluation of the Precision and Accuracy of Instrument Calibration SystemsJ Research National Bureau of Standards-C. Engineering and Instrumentation, Vol. 67C, No.2, p. 161-187.
Confidence, prediction, and tolerance intervals Gerald J. Hahn and William Q. Meeker (1991). Statistical Intervals: A Guide for Practitioners, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
Original calibration designs for weighings J. A. Hayford (1893). On the Least Square Adjustment of Weighings, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey Appendix 10, Report for 1892.
Uncertainties for values from a calibration curve Thomas E. Hockersmith and Harry H. Ku (1993). Uncertainties associated with proving ring calibrations, NBS Special Publication 300: Precision Measurement and Calibration, Statistical Concepts and Procedures, Vol. 1, pp. 257-263, H. H. Ku, editor.
EWMA control charts Hunter, J. S. (1986). The Exponentially Weighted Moving Average. Journal of Quality Technology, 18(4), 203-210. doi:10.1080/00224065.1986.11979014
Fundamentals of mass metrology K. B. Jaeger and R. S. Davis (1984). A Primer for Mass Metrology, NBS Special Publication 700-1, 85 pages.
Fundamentals of propagation of error Harry Ku (1966). Notes on the Use of Propagation of Error Formulas, J Research of National Bureau of Standards-C. Engineering and Instrumentation, Vol. 70C, No.4, pp. 263-273.
Handbook of statistical methods Mary Gibbons Natrella (1963). Experimental Statistics, NBS Handbook 91, US Deptartment of Commerce.
Omnitab Sally T. Peavy, Shirley G. Bremer, Ruth N. Varner, David Hogben (1986). OMNITAB 80: An Interpretive System for Statistical and Numerical Data Analysis, NBS Special Publication 701, US Deptartment of Commerce.
Uncertainties for uncorrected bias Steve D. Phillips and Keith R. Eberhardt (1997). Guidelines for Expressing the Uncertainty of Measurement Results Containing Uncorrected Bias, NIST Journal of Research, Vol. 102, No. 5.
Calibration of roundness artifacts Charles P. Reeve (1979). Calibration designs for roundness standards, NBSIR 79-1758, 21 pages.
Calibration designs for angle blocks Charles P. Reeve (1967). The Calibration of Angle Blocks by Comparison, NBSIR 80-19767, 24 pages.
SI units Barry N. Taylor (1991). Interpretation of the SI for the United States and Metric Conversion Policy for Federal Agencies, NIST Special Publication 841, U.S. Deptartment of Commerce.
Uncertainties for calibrated values Raymond Turgel and Dominic Vecchia (1987). Precision Calibration of Phase Meters, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. IM-36, No. 4., pp. 918-922.
Example of propagation of error for flow measurements James R. Whetstone et al. (1989). Measurements of Coefficients of Discharge for Concentric Flange-Tapped Square-Edged Orifice Meters in Water Over the Reynolds Number Range 600 to 2,700,000, NIST Technical Note 1264. pp. 97.
Mathematica software Stephen Wolfram (1993). Mathematica, A System of Doing Mathematics by Computer, 2nd edition, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., New York.
Restrained least squares Marvin Zelen (1962). "Linear Estimation and Related Topics" in Survey of Numerical Analysis edited by John Todd, McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, pp. 558-577.
ASTM F84 for resistivity ASTM Method F84-93, Standard Test Method for Measuring Resistivity of Silicon Wafers With an In-line Four-Point Probe. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 10.05, West Conshohocken, PA 19428.
ASTM E691 for interlaboratory testing ASTM Method E691-92, Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 10.05, West Conshohocken, PA 19428.
Guide to uncertainty analysis Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty of Measurement (1993). ISBN 91-67-10188-9, 1st ed. ISO, Case postale 56, CH-1211, Genève 20, Switzerland, 101 pages.
ISO 5725 for interlaboratory testing ISO 5725: 1997. Accuracy (trueness and precision) of measurement results, Part 2: Basic method for repeatability and reproducibility of a standard measurement method, ISO, Case postale 56, CH-1211, Genève 20, Switzerland.
ISO 11095 on linear calibration ISO 11095: 1997. Linear Calibration using Reference Materials, ISO, Case postale 56, CH-1211, Genève 20, Switzerland.
MSA gauge studies manual Measurement Systems Analysis Reference Manual, 2nd ed., (1995). Chrysler Corp., Ford Motor Corp., General Motors Corp., 120 pages.
NCSL RP on uncertainty analysis Determining and Reporting Measurement Uncertainties, National Conference of Standards Laboratories RP-12, (1994), Suite 305B, 1800 30th St., Boulder, CO 80301.
ISO Vocabulary for metrology International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology, 2nd ed., (1993). ISO, Case postale 56, CH-1211, Genève 20, Switzerland, 59 pages.
Exact variance for length and width Leo Goodman (1960). "On the Exact Variance of Products" in Journal of the American Statistical Association, December, 1960, pp. 708-713.
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