2.
Measurement Process Characterization

Degrees of freedom

K. A. Brownlee (1960). Statistical
Theory and Methodology in Science and Engineering,
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, p. 236.

Calibration designs

J. M. Cameron, M. C. Croarkin and R. C.
Raybold (1977). Designs for the Calibration of Standards
of Mass, NBS Technical Note 952, U.S. Dept. Commerce,
58 pages.

Calibration designs for eliminating drift

J. M. Cameron and G. E. Hailes (1974).
Designs for the Calibration of Small Groups of Standards
in the Presence of Drift, Technical Note 844, U.S. Dept.
Commerce, 31 pages.

Measurement assurance for measurements on ICs

Carroll Croarkin and Ruth Varner (1982).
Measurement Assurance for Dimensional Measurements on
Integratedcircuit Photomasks, NBS Technical Note 1164,
U.S. Dept. Commerce, 44 pages.

Calibration designs for gauge blocks

Ted Doiron (1993). Drift Eliminating
Designs for NonSimultaneous Comparison Calibrations,
J Research National Institute of Standards and Technology,
98, pp. 217224.

Type A & B uncertainty analyses for resistivities

J. R. Ehrstein and M. C. Croarkin (1998).
Standard Reference Materials: The Certification of 100
mm Diameter Silicon Resistivity SRMs 2541 through 2547 Using
DualConfiguration FourPoint Probe Measurements, NIST
Special Publication 260131, Revised, 84 pages.

Calibration designs for electrical standards

W. G. Eicke and J. M. Cameron (1967).
Designs for Surveillance of the Volt Maintained By a
Group of Saturated Standard Cells, NBS Technical Note
430, U.S. Dept. Commerce 19 pages.

Theory of uncertainty analysis

Churchill Eisenhart (1962). Realistic
Evaluation of the Precision and Accuracy of Instrument Calibration
SystemsJ Research National Bureau of StandardsC. Engineering
and Instrumentation, Vol. 67C, No.2, p. 161187.

Confidence, prediction, and tolerance intervals

Gerald J. Hahn and William Q. Meeker (1991).
Statistical Intervals: A Guide for Practitioners,
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

Original calibration designs for weighings

J. A. Hayford (1893). On the Least Square
Adjustment of Weighings, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey
Appendix 10, Report for 1892.

Uncertainties for values from a calibration curve

Thomas E. Hockersmith and Harry H. Ku
(1993). Uncertainties associated with proving ring
calibrations, NBS Special Publication 300: Precision
Measurement and Calibration, Statistical Concepts and Procedures,
Vol. 1, pp. 257263, H. H. Ku, editor.

EWMA control charts

J. Stuart Hunter (1986). The Exponentially
Weighted Moving Average, J Quality Technology,
Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 203207.

Fundamentals of mass metrology

K. B. Jaeger and R. S. Davis (1984).
A Primer for Mass Metrology, NBS Special Publication
7001, 85 pages.

Fundamentals of propagation of error

Harry Ku (1966). Notes on the Use of
Propagation of Error Formulas, J Research of National
Bureau of StandardsC. Engineering and Instrumentation, Vol. 70C,
No.4, pp. 263273.

Handbook of statistical methods

Mary Gibbons Natrella (1963).
Experimental Statistics, NBS Handbook 91,
US Deptartment of Commerce.

Omnitab

Sally T. Peavy, Shirley G. Bremer,
Ruth N. Varner, David Hogben (1986).
OMNITAB 80: An Interpretive System for Statistical and
Numerical Data Analysis, NBS Special Publication
701, US Deptartment of Commerce.

Uncertainties for uncorrected bias

Steve D. Phillips and Keith R. Eberhardt (1997).
Guidelines for Expressing the Uncertainty of Measurement
Results Containing Uncorrected Bias, NIST Journal
of Research, Vol. 102, No. 5.

Calibration of roundness artifacts

Charles P. Reeve (1979).
Calibration designs for roundness standards,
NBSIR 791758, 21 pages.

Calibration designs for angle blocks

Charles P. Reeve (1967). The
Calibration of Angle Blocks by Comparison, NBSIR 8019767,
24 pages.

SI units

Barry N. Taylor (1991). Interpretation
of the SI for the United States and Metric Conversion Policy for
Federal Agencies, NIST Special Publication 841,
U.S. Deptartment of Commerce.

Uncertainties for calibrated values

Raymond Turgel and Dominic Vecchia
(1987). Precision Calibration of Phase Meters,
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol.
IM36, No. 4., pp. 918922.

Example of propagation of error for flow measurements

James R. Whetstone et al. (1989).
Measurements of Coefficients of Discharge for Concentric
FlangeTapped SquareEdged Orifice Meters in Water Over the
Reynolds Number Range 600 to 2,700,000, NIST Technical
Note 1264. pp. 97.

Mathematica software

Stephen Wolfram (1993). Mathematica, A
System of Doing Mathematics by Computer, 2nd edition,
AddisonWesley Publishing Co., New York.

Restrained least squares

Marvin Zelen (1962). "Linear Estimation
and Related Topics" in Survey of Numerical
Analysis edited by John Todd, McGrawHill Book Co. Inc.,
New York, pp. 558577.

ASTM F84 for resistivity

ASTM Method F8493, Standard Test Method
for Measuring Resistivity of Silicon Wafers With an Inline
FourPoint Probe. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 10.05,
West Conshohocken, PA 19428.

ASTM E691 for interlaboratory testing

ASTM Method E69192, Standard Practice
for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision
of a Test Method. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, 10.05,
West Conshohocken, PA 19428.

Guide to uncertainty analysis

Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty of
Measurement (1993). ISBN 9167101889, 1st ed. ISO, Case
postale 56, CH1211, Genève 20, Switzerland, 101 pages.

ISO 5725 for interlaboratory testing

ISO 5725: 1997. Accuracy (trueness and
precision) of measurement results, Part 2: Basic method for
repeatability and reproducibility of a standard measurement
method, ISO, Case postale 56, CH1211, Genève 20,
Switzerland.

ISO 11095 on linear calibration

ISO 11095: 1997. Linear Calibration
using Reference Materials, ISO, Case postale 56,
CH1211, Genève 20, Switzerland.

MSA gauge studies manual

Measurement Systems Analysis Reference Manual,
2nd ed., (1995). Chrysler Corp., Ford Motor Corp., General
Motors Corp., 120 pages.

NCSL RP on uncertainty analysis

Determining and Reporting Measurement
Uncertainties, National Conference of Standards
Laboratories RP12, (1994), Suite 305B, 1800 30th St.,
Boulder, CO 80301.

ISO Vocabulary for metrology

International Vocabulary of Basic and General
Terms in Metrology, 2nd ed., (1993). ISO, Case postale 56,
CH1211, Genève 20, Switzerland, 59 pages.

Exact variance for length and width

Leo Goodman (1960).
"On the Exact Variance
of Products" in Journal of the American Statistical
Association, December, 1960, pp. 708713.
