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4. Process Modeling
4.6. Case Studies in Process Modeling
4.6.3. Ultrasonic Reference Block Study

Compare the Fits

Three Fits to Compare It is interesting to compare the results of the three fits:
  1. Unweighted fit
  2. Transformed fit
  3. Weighted fit
Plot of Fits with Data The first step in comparing the fits is to plot all three sets of predicted values (in the original units) on the same plot with the raw data. all three fits are similar

This plot shows that all three fits generate comparable predicted values. We can also compare the residual standard deviations (RESSD) from the fits. The RESSD for the transformed data is calculated after translating the predicted values back to the original scale.

RESSD From Unweighted Fit  = 3.361673
RESSD From Transformed Fit = 3.306732
RESSD From Weighted Fit    = 3.392797

In this case, the RESSD is quite close for all three fits (which is to be expected based on the plot).
Conclusion Given that transformed and weighted fits generate predicted values that are quite close to the original fit, why would we want to make the extra effort to generate a transformed or weighted fit? We do so to develop a model that satisfies the model assumptions for fitting a nonlinear model. This gives us more confidence that conclusions and analyses based on the model are justified and appropriate.
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