 Dataplot Vol 2 Vol 1

# GETPDF

Name:
GETPDF (LET)
Type:
Library Function
Purpose:
Compute the Geeta probability mass function.
Description:
The Geeta distribution has the following probability mass function: with and denoting the shape parameters.

The mean and variance of the Geeta distribution are: =  2 = The Geeta distribution is sometimes parameterized in terms of its mean, , instead of . This results in the following probability mass function: For this parameterization, the variance is 2 = This probability mass function is also given in the form: Dataplot supports both parameterizations (see the Note section below).

Syntax:
LET <y> = GETPDF(<x>,<shape>,<beta>)
<SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification>
where <x> is a positive integer variable, number, or parameter;
<shape> is a number, parameter, or variable that specifies the valuie of theta (or mu);
<beta> is a number, parameter, or variable that specifies the second shape parameter;
<y> is a variable or a parameter (depending on what <x> is) where the computed Geeta pdf value is stored;
and where the <SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification> is optional.
Examples:
LET A = GETPDF(3,0.5,1.4)
LET Y = GETPDF(X,0.3,1.6)
PLOT GETPDF(X,0.3,1.6) FOR X = 1 1 20
Note:
For a number of commands utilizing the Geeta distribution, it is convenient to bin the data. There are two basic ways of binning the data.

1. For some commands (histograms, maximum likelihood estimation), bins with equal size widths are required. This can be accomplished with the following commands:

LET AMIN = MINIMUM Y
LET AMAX = MAXIMUM Y
LET AMIN2 = AMIN - 0.5
LET AMAX2 = AMAX + 0.5
CLASS MINIMUM AMIN2
CLASS MAXIMUM AMAX2
CLASS WIDTH 1
LET Y2 X2 = BINNED

2. For some commands, unequal width bins may be helpful. In particular, for the chi-square goodness of fit, it is typically recommended that the minimum class frequency be at least 5. In this case, it may be helpful to combine small frequencies in the tails. Unequal class width bins can be created with the commands

LET MINSIZE = <value>
LET Y3 XLOW XHIGH = INTEGER FREQUENCY TABLE Y

If you already have equal width bins data, you can use the commands

LET MINSIZE = <value>
LET Y3 XLOW XHIGH = COMBINE FREQUENCY TABLE Y2 X2

The MINSIZE parameter defines the minimum class frequency. The default value is 5.

Note:
To use the MU parameterization, enter the command

SET GEETA DEFINITION MU

To restore the THETA parameterization, enter the command

SET GEETA DEFINITION THETA
Note:
You can generate Geeta random numbers, probability plots, and chi-square goodness of fit tests with the following commands:

LET N = VALUE
LET THETA = <value> (or LET MU = <value>)
LET BETA = <value>
LET Y = GEETA RANDOM NUMBERS FOR I = 1 1 N

GEETA PROBABILITY PLOT Y
GEETA PROBABILITY PLOT Y2 X2
GEETA PROBABILITY PLOT Y3 XLOW XHIGH

GEETA CHI-SQUARE GOODNESS OF FIT Y
GEETA CHI-SQUARE GOODNESS OF FIT Y2 X2
GEETA CHI-SQUARE GOODNESS OF FIT Y3 XLOW XHIGH

To obtain the method of moment estimates, the mean and ones frequency estimates, and the maximum likelihood estimates of and , enter the command

GEETA MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD Y
GEETA MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD Y2 X2

The method of moments estimators and are:  with and s2 denoting the sample mean and sample variance, respectively.

The method of ones frequency and sample mean estimate of : The estimate of is the solution of the equation: with and n1 denoting the sample mean and sample frequency at x = 1, respectively.

The maximum likelihood estimate of is: The estimate of is the solution of the equation: You can generate estimates of theta (or mu) and beta based on the maximum ppcc value or the minimum chi-square goodness of fit with the commands

LET THETA1 = <value>
LET THETA2 = <value>

or

LET MU1 = <value>
LET MU2 = <value>

LET BETA1 = <value>
LET BETA2 = <value>
GEETA KS PLOT Y
GEETA KS PLOT Y2 X2
GEETA KS PLOT Y3 XLOW XHIGH
GEETA PPCC PLOT Y
GEETA PPCC PLOT Y2 X2
GEETA PPCC PLOT Y3 XLOW XHIGH

The default values of theta1 and theta2 are 0.05 and 0.95, respectively. The default values for mu1 and mu2 are 1 and 5, respectively. The default values for beta1 and beta2 are 1.05 and 5, respectively. Note that when the theta parameterization is used, values of beta that do not lie in the interval 1 ≤ ≤ 1/ are skipped.

Due to the discrete nature of the percent point function for discrete distributions, the ppcc plot will not be smooth. For that reason, if there is sufficient sample size the KS PLOT (i.e., the minimum chi-square value) is typically preferred. However, it may sometimes be useful to perform one iteration of the PPCC PLOT to obtain a rough idea of an appropriate neighborhood for the shape parameters since the minimum chi-square statistic can generate extremely large values for non-optimal values of the shape parameters. Also, since the data is integer values, one of the binned forms is preferred for these commands.

Default:
None
Synonyms:
None
Related Commands:
 GETCDF = Compute the Geeta cumulative distribution function. GETPPF = Compute the Geeta percent point function. CONPDF = Compute the Consul probability mass function. GLSPDF = Compute the generalized logarithmic series probability mass function. DLGPDF = Compute the logarithmic series probability mass function. YULPDF = Compute the Yule probability mass function. ZETPDF = Compute the Zeta probability mass function. BGEPDF = Compute the beta geometric probability mass function. POIPDF = Compute the Poisson probability mass function. BINPDF = Compute the binomial probability mass function. INTEGER FREQUENCY TABLE = Generate a frequency table at integer values with unequal bins. COMBINE FREQUENCY TABLE = Convert an equal width frequency table to an unequal width frequency table. KS PLOT = Generate a minimum chi-square plot. MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD = Perform maximum likelihood estimation for a distribution.
Reference:
Consul and Famoye (2006), "Lagrangian Probability Distribution", Birkhauser, chapter 8.

Consul (1990), "Geeta Distribution and its Properties", Communications in Statistics--Theory and Methods, 19, pp. 3051-3068.

Applications:
Distributional Modeling
Implementation Date:
2006/8
Program 1:
```
set geeta definition theta
title size 3
tic label size 3
label size 3
legend size 3
height 3
x1label displacement 12
y1label displacement 15
.
multiplot corner coordinates 0 0 100 95
multiplot scale factor 2
label case asis
title case asis
case asis
tic offset units screen
tic offset 3 3
title displacement 2
y1label Probability Mass
x1label X
.
ylimits 0 1
major ytic mark number 6
minor ytic mark number 3
xlimits 0 20
line blank
spike on
.
multiplot 2 2
.
title Theta = 0.3, Beta = 1.8
plot getpdf(x,0.3,1.8) for x = 1 1 20
.
title Theta = 0.5, Beta = 1.5
plot getpdf(x,0.5,1.5) for x = 1 1 20
.
title Theta = 0.7, Beta = 1.2
plot getpdf(x,0.7,1.2) for x = 1 1 20
.
title Theta = 0.9, Beta = 1.1
plot getpdf(x,0.9,1.1) for x = 1 1 20
.
end of multiplot
.
justification center
move 50 97
text Probability Mass Functions for Geeta Distribution
``` Program 2:
```
SET GEETA DEFINITION MU
LET MU   = 4.2
LET BETA = 2.2
LET Y = GEETA RANDOM NUMBERS FOR I = 1 1 500
.
LET Y3 XLOW XHIGH = INTEGER FREQUENCY TABLE Y
CLASS LOWER 0.5
CLASS WIDTH 1
LET AMAX = MAXIMUM Y
LET AMAX2 = AMAX + 0.5
CLASS UPPER AMAX2
LET Y2 X2 = BINNED Y
.
GEETA MLE Y
RELATIVE HISTOGRAM Y2 X2
LIMITS FREEZE
PRE-ERASE OFF
LINE COLOR BLUE
PLOT GETPDF(X,MUML,BETAML) FOR X = 1  1  AMAX
LIMITS
PRE-ERASE ON
LINE COLOR BLACK
LET MU    = MUML
LET BETA  = BETAML
GEETA CHI-SQUARE GOODNESS OF FIT Y3 XLOW XHIGH
CASE ASIS
JUSTIFICATION CENTER
MOVE 50 97
TEXT Mu = ^MUML, Beta = ^BETAML
MOVE 50 93
TEXT Minimum Chi-Square = ^STATVAL, 95% CV = ^CUTUPP95
.
LABEL CASE ASIS
X1LABEL Mu
Y1LABLE Minimum Chi-Square
GEETA KS PLOT Y3 XLOW XHIGH
LET MU    = SHAPE1
LET BETA  = SHAPE2
GEETA CHI-SQUARE GOODNESS OF FIT Y3 XLOW XHIGH
JUSTIFICATION CENTER
MOVE 50 97
TEXT Mu = ^MU, Beta = ^Beta
MOVE 50 93
TEXT Minimum Chi-Square = ^MINKS, 95% CV = ^CUTUPP95
``` ```                   CHI-SQUARED GOODNESS-OF-FIT TEST

NULL HYPOTHESIS H0:      DISTRIBUTION FITS THE DATA
ALTERNATE HYPOTHESIS HA: DISTRIBUTION DOES NOT FIT THE DATA
DISTRIBUTION:            GEETA

SAMPLE:
NUMBER OF OBSERVATIONS      =      500
NUMBER OF NON-EMPTY CELLS   =       16
NUMBER OF PARAMETERS USED   =        2

TEST:
CHI-SQUARED TEST STATISTIC     =    11.04658
DEGREES OF FREEDOM          =       13
CHI-SQUARED CDF VALUE       =    0.393085

ALPHA LEVEL         CUTOFF              CONCLUSION
10%       19.81193               ACCEPT H0
5%       22.36203               ACCEPT H0
1%       27.68825               ACCEPT H0
``` ```                   CHI-SQUARED GOODNESS-OF-FIT TEST

NULL HYPOTHESIS H0:      DISTRIBUTION FITS THE DATA
ALTERNATE HYPOTHESIS HA: DISTRIBUTION DOES NOT FIT THE DATA
DISTRIBUTION:            GEETA

SAMPLE:
NUMBER OF OBSERVATIONS      =      500
NUMBER OF NON-EMPTY CELLS   =       16
NUMBER OF PARAMETERS USED   =        2

TEST:
CHI-SQUARED TEST STATISTIC     =    9.623067
DEGREES OF FREEDOM          =       13
CHI-SQUARED CDF VALUE       =    0.275571

ALPHA LEVEL         CUTOFF              CONCLUSION
10%       19.81193               ACCEPT H0
5%       22.36203               ACCEPT H0
1%       27.68825               ACCEPT H0
```

Date created: 8/23/2006
Last updated: 8/23/2006