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6. Process or Product Monitoring and Control
6.4. Introduction to Time Series Analysis


Definitions, Applications and Techniques

Definition Definition of Time Series: An ordered sequence of values of a variable at equally spaced time intervals.
Time series occur frequently when looking at industrial data Applications: The usage of time series models is twofold:
  • Obtain an understanding of the underlying forces and structure that produced the observed data
  • Fit a model and proceed to forecasting, monitoring or even feedback and feedforward control.
Time Series Analysis is used for many applications such as:
  • Economic Forecasting
  • Sales Forecasting
  • Budgetary Analysis
  • Stock Market Analysis
  • Yield Projections
  • Process and Quality Control
  • Inventory Studies
  • Workload Projections
  • Utility Studies
  • Census Analysis
and many, many more...
There are many methods used to model and forecast time series Techniques: The fitting of time series models can be an ambitious undertaking. There are many methods of model fitting including the following: The user's application and preference will decide the selection of the appropriate technique. It is beyond the realm and intention of the authors of this handbook to cover all these methods. The overview presented here will start by looking at some basic smoothing techniques:
  • Averaging Methods
  • Exponential Smoothing Techniques.
Later in this section we will discuss the Box-Jenkins modeling methods and Multivariate Time Series.
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