Extreme Wind Speed Data Sets: Directional Wind Speeds
|3-s Gust Wind Speed Data at 10 m for 8 Directions||
This section contains the largest yearly peak 3-s gust wind
speed data at 10 m above open terrain for each of eight
directions: N, NE, E, SE, S, SW, W, and NW at 37 stations
in the US over periods of approximately 15 to 30 years.
For 24 of the 37 sets, the data were obtained from the original NOAA records and are referred to here as "original" data; for the other 13 sets, the data were obtained from the Local Climatological Data monthly summaries and are referred to here as "published" data.
Local Climatological Data (LCD) monthly summaries include the
largest daily wind speed data and the corresponding direction.
On the date of this largest wind speed, another (lower
and unpublished) value could have occurred from a different
direction and actually exceeded the published annual
extreme for that different direction. Since that value
would not appear in the LCD summaries, it is referred to as
a "hidden value."
The 24 "original" data sets have been corrected for possible "hidden values" by examining the original records.
Estimates based on the "hidden values" and on the corresponding published values show that in most cases the wind load statistics would be only modestly affected if the published values were used in calculations. The differences in the design wind loads are typically on the order of one percent. (See NBS Building Science Series 160.)
All data are based on fastest-mile National Weather Service
data included in the
report "Directional Extreme Wind Speed Data for the Design of
Buildings and Other Structures" by M.J. Changery,
E.J. Dumitriu-Valcea, and E. Simiu, NBS Building Science
Series 160, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau
of Standards, Washington, D.C., March 1984.
All data were recorded at stations where hurricanes and tropical storms are not expected to occur. (It is also assumed that none of the data collected are a result of tornado winds.)
|Structure of the Data Files||
The structure of each data file is as follows:
|Data from Original NOAA Records||
The following is the list of "original" directional data sets.
|Published Data (from Local Climatological Data) Summaries||
The following is the list of "published" directional data sets.